UPSC Civil Services Examination

The Civil Services Examination (CSE) is a nationwide competitive examination in India conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to the various Civil Services of the Government of India, including Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Revenue Services and among other Central Services.

The Examination is conducted in two phases – the Preliminary Examination, consisting of two objective type papers (General Studies and Civil Services Aptitude Test(CSAT)), and the Main Examination consisting of nine papers of conventional (Essay) type followed by the Personality Test (Interview).

UPSC - Civil Services

1. Prelims cum Mains Batch

Duration – 1 Year (June to May)

2. Prelims Batch

Duration – 6 Months (December to May)

Duration : 1 Year


Morning Batch- 10:00 am to 01:00 pm

Evening Batch- 05:30 pm to 07:30 pm

Weekend (Sunday Only) – 10:00 am to 05:00 pm


Syllabus (Preliminary Examination)

General Studies I - PAPER - I : 200 MARKS & DURATION : 2 Hours

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization
  • General Science.

CSAT - PAPER - II : 200 MARKS & DURATION : 2 Hours

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problemsolving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. - Class X level)
  • English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level)
  • Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level (last item in the Syllabus of Paper-II) will be tested through passages from English language only without providing Hindi translation thereof in the question paper.
  • The questions will be of multiple-choice, objective type.
  • It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the Papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination for the purpose of evaluation. Therefore a candidate will be disqualified in case he/ she does not appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination.

Exam Pattern


S. No Papers & Syllabus Maximum Marks
1. General Studies – I
1. Indian History
2. Indian Polity
3. Geography
4. Economic and Social Development
5. General Science
6. Current Events (National & International)
7. Environmental Issues
200 Marks
2. General Studies – II
1. Comprehension
2. Communication Skills
3. Logical Reasoning
4. General Mental Ability
5. Basic Numeracy
6. Data Interpretation
200 Marks
(Qualifying Marks – 33%)


S. No Papers & Syllabus Maximum Marks
1. Language Paper
(Any one Indian Language) – Qualifying paper
300 Marks
2. General English
Qualifying Paper
300 Marks
3. Paper – I
250 Marks
4. Paper – II General Studies –I
Indian Heritage & Culture; History and Geography of the World and Society
250 Marks
5. Paper – III General Studies – II
Indian Polity & Governance; International Relations
250 Marks
6. Paper IV General Studies – III
Technology, Environment & Bio-diversity, Security and Disaster Management
250 Marks
7. Paper V General Studies – IV
Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude
250 Marks
8. Paper VI Optional subject
Paper I
250 Marks
9. Paper VII Optional subject
Paper II
250 Marks
Written Exam Total marks 1750 Marks
Grand Total 2025 Marks
  • Language paper and English will be of qualifying nature.
  • Papers I – VII will be counted for Merit.
  • There will be a negative marking for incorrect answers. For each wrong answer 0.33 marks will deducted.
  • Questions will be in English and Hindi only.

Book List

General Studies I

S. No Books Author
1. NCERT Indian History Class XI and XII
2. NCERT Geography Class XI and XII
3. NCERT Science Class VI to Class X
4. NCERT Economy Class XI and XII
5. NCERT Social Science Class VI to Class X
6. Certificate Physical Geography Go Chen Leong (Oxford University Press)
7. Indian Geography Majjid Hussain (McGraw Hill)
8. India’s Struggle for Independence Bipan Chandra
9. Indian Polity Laxmikanth
10. The Hindu Speaks on Scientific Facts Volume I and II
11. Atlas Oxford / TTK / Orient Blackswann
12. Indian Economy Datt & Sundaram
13. McGraw Hill General Studies McGraw Hill Publishing
14. India After Independence Bipan Chandra
15. Governance in India Laxmikanth

General Studies II - CSAT

S. No Books Author
1. Objective Arithmetic R.S.Agarwal
2. Quantitative Aptitude R.S.Agarwal
3. Verbal & Non Verbal Reasoning R.S.Agarwal
4. Data Interpretation BSC Publications
5. Objective English BSC Publications



  • The Hindu
  • Dinamani
  • Economic Times


  • Frontline
  • Yojana and Kurukshetra (Tamil and English)
  • Down to Earth – for science
  • Any Good Magazine